Key Features of Governance in Brazilian Science and Technology Parks

Milton Correia Sampaio Filho, Jair Nascimento-Santos


The situation of Brazilian Science and Technology Parks (STPs) operation led to the field research. Even with the public policy of stimulus and support of associations, nothing has been mapped on the dissemination of results (economic growth and regional development). This scenario instigates the question: What are the governance characteristics of Brazilian Science and Technology Parks? A empirical field research was developed, taking into consideration the possibility of replication trought the registration of the choice criteria in the multiple cases and trought research detalhes and data colection. Eight STPs (TECNOPUC - Porto Alegre, Valetec - Novo Hamburgo, Tecnosinos - Sao Leopoldo, Unicamp, CIATEC and TECHNOPARK - Campinas, Rio Park - Rio de Janeiro and SergipeTec) participated in research. The results and considerations about the research question allows to infer the little effectiveness of governance (without qualitative or quantitative performance indicators) is possibly caused by tensions characterized by elements such as heterogeneity in characteristics of organizations that are part of STPs, lack of consensus on common goals, pressure forces and influences affecting trusts, nonconformity standards and personal and organizational preferences. Leadership relations championed by the government and / or companies can negatively influence the STP's performance as a whole.


Regional Economic Development; Science and Technology Parks; Governance; Effectiveness.


Albers, S. (2005). The design of alliance governance systems. Köln (DE): Kölner Wissenschaftsverlag.

Barney, J. B. (1990, july). The debate between traditional management theory and organizational economics: substantive differences or intergroup conflict. Academy of Management Review, 15 (3), 382-393.

Barney, J. B. (1991). Firm resources and sustained competitive advantage. Journal of management, 17(1), 99-120.

Barney, J. B. ; Hesterly, W. (2008). Administração estratégica e vantagem competitiva. São Paulo: Pearson Prentice Hall.

Blattberg, C. (2004). From pluralist to patriotic politics: putting practice first. Oxford; New York: Oxford University Press.

Brass, D. J., Galaskiewicz, J., Greve, JH.R., & Tsai, W. (2004) Taking stock of networks and organizations: a multilevel perspective. Academy of Management Journal, 47(6), 795-817.

Bryman, A. (2004). Social research methods. New York: Oxford University Press.

Buckle, J. L., Dwyer, S., & Jackson, M. (2009). Qualitative bereavement research: incongruity between the perspectives of participants and research ethics boards, International Journal of Social Research Methodology, 13(2), 111–125.

Clarke, T. (2004). Theories of corporate governance. Nova York: Routledge.

Davis, J. H., Schoorman, F. D., & DonaldsoN, L. (1997). Toward a stewardship theory of management. Academy of Management Review, 22, 20-47.

Donalson, L. (1990, july, a). The ethereal hand: organizational economics and management theory. The Academy of Management Review, 15(3), 369-381.

Donalson, L. (1990, july, b). A rational basis for criticisms of organizational economics: a reply to Barney. The Academy of Management Review, 15(3), 394-401.

Donaldson, L., & Davis, J. H. (1991). Stewardship theory or agency theory: CEO governance and shareholder returns. Australian Journal of Management, 16, 49-65.

Faulkner, D.O. , & Rond, M. (2000). Perspectives on cooperative strategy. In D. O. Faulkner & M. de Rond (Eds.), Cooperative strategy: 3-39. Oxford , UK: Oxford University Press

Freeman, R. E. (1984). Strategic management: a stakeholder approach. Minnesota: Cambridge University Press.

Friedman, A., & Miles, S. (2002, january). Developing stakeholding theory. Journal of Management Studies, 39(1).

Galaskiewicz, J. (2007). Has a network theory of organizational behaviour lived up to its promises? Management and Organization Review, 3, 1-18.

Galaskiewicz, J., & Wasserman, S. (1994). Advances in Social Network Analysis: Research from the Social and Behavioral Sciences. Newbury Park, CA: Sage

George, A. L., & Bennett, A. (2005). Case studies and theory development in the Social Sciences. Cambridge, Mass: MIT Press.

Gerring, J. (2007). Case study research: principles and practices. New York: Cambridge University Press.

Grabher, G. (1993). The weakness of strong ties: the lock-in of regional development in the Ruhr area. In: Grabher, G. (Ed.). The embedded firm: London: Routledge. (pp. 265-277).

Human, S. E., & Provan, K. G. (2000). Legitimacy building in the evolution of small-firm networks: a comparative study of success and demise. Administrative Science Quarterly, 45, 327-365.

Kenis, P. N., & Schneider, V. (1991). Policy networks and policy analysis: scrutinizing a new analytical toolbox. In: Kenis, P. N., & Schneider, V., Policy networks: empirical evidence and theoretical considerations. 25-59.

Kilduff, M., & Tsai, N. (2003). Social networks and organizations. London: Sage Press.

Klijn, E.-H., & Koppenjan, J. (2012). Governance network theory: past, present and future. Policy & Politics, 40(4), 587-606.

Kvale, S., & Brinkmann, S. (2009). Interviews. Learning the craft of qualitative research interviewing. USA: Sage Publications.

Lipparini, A., & Lomi, A. (1999). Interorganizational relations in the Modena biomedical industry: a case study in local economic development. In: Grandori, A. (Ed.). Interfirm networks: organization and industrial competitiveness. London: Routledge, 120-150.

Machado Filho, C. P. (2011). Responsabilidade social e governança: o debate e as implicações. São Paulo: CENGAGE Learning.

Monge, P., & R.; Contractor, N. S. (2003). Theories of communication. New York: Oxford Univ. Press.

OCDE - Organização para a Cooperação e Desenvolvimento Económico. (1996). The knowledge-based economy. Paris.

OCDE - Organização para a Cooperação e Desenvolvimento Económico. (1987). Science Parks and Technology complexes in relation to regional development, the organization for economic co-operation and development. Paris.

Olson, M. (1999). A lógica da ação coletiva. São Paulo: EDUSP.

Park, S. H. (1996). Managing an interorganizational network: a framework of the institutional mechanism for network control. Organization Studies, 17, 795–823.

Provan, K. G. (1994). Causal independence and subnetwork extraction in large belief networks. Stanford: Stanford University.

Provan, K. G., & Fish, A. (2007). Interorganizational networks at the network level: a review of the empirical literature on whole networks. Journal of Management, 33(3), 479-516.

Provan, K. G., & Kenis, P. (2008). Modes of network governance: structure, management, and effectiveness. Journal of public administration research and theory, 18(2), 229-252.

Provan, K. G., & Milward, H. B. (1995). A preliminary theory of interorganizational network effectiveness: a comparative study of four community mental health systems.Administrative science quarterly, 40, 1-33.

Santos, J. N. (2003). A liderança no contexto das redes organizacionais. 2003. Tese (Doutorado)- Universidade Federal de Minas Gerais - UFMG, Belo Horizonte.

Smith, V. P. B. (2012). Desafios socioambientais e os distintos tipos de governança. In: ENCONTRO NACIONAL DA ANPAD, 2012, Belém. Anais... . Belém.

Soda, G., & Usai, A. (1999). The dark side of dense networks: From embeddedness to indebtedness. In: Grandori, A. Interfirm networks: organization and industrial competitiveness. London: Routledge. 276-302.

Stake. R. E. (2000). Case studies. In: Denzin, N. K., & Lincoln, Y. S. (Ed.). Handbook of qualitative research. London: Sage, 435-454.

Stake. R. E. (1978). The Case study method in social inquiry. Educational Researcher, 7(2), 5-8.

Sydow, J., & Windeler, A. (1998). Organizing and evaluating interfirm networks: a structurationist perspective on network processes and network effectiveness. Organization Science, 9(3), 265-284.

Theurl, T. (2005). From corporate to cooperative governance. In: Theurl, T. Economics of interfirm network. Tubingen: Mohr Siebeck, 149-192.

Van Raak, A., & Paulus, A. (2001). A sociological systems theory of interorganizational network development in health and social care. Systems Research and Behavioral Science, 18, 207-224.

Venkatraman, N., & Lee, C. (2004). Preferential linkage and network evolution: a conceptual model and empirical test in the U.S. video game sector. Academy of Management Journal, 47, 876-92.

Williamson, O. E. (1991). Comparative economic organization: the analysis of discrete structural alternatives, Administrative Science Quarterly, 36(2), 269-296.

Williamson, O. E. (1996). Economic organization: the case for candor. Academy of Management Review, 21, 48-57.

Williamson, O. E. (1985). The economic institutions of capitalism: firms, markets and relational contracting. New York: Free Press.

Williamson, O. E. (1975). Markets and hierarchies: analysis and antitrust implications. New York: Free Press.

Williamson, O. E. (1994). Transaction cost economics and organization theory. In: Smelser, N. J. ; Swedberg, R. (Ed.). The handbook of economic sociology: Princeton: Princeton University Press, 77-107.

Windeler, A. (2003). Kreation technologischer Pfade: ein strukturationstheoretischer Analyseansatz. Managementforschung, 13, 295-328.

WORLD BANK (1992). Governance and development. Washington, DC: The World Bank. Disponível em: Acesso em: 20 jun. 2014.

Yin, R. K. (1993). Applications of case study research. California: Sage Publications.

Yin, R. K. (1984). Case study research: design and methods. London: Sage.

Full Text: PDF/INGLÊS (Português (Brasil))


  • There are currently no refbacks.

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 License.

Iberoamerican Journal of Strategic Management  e-ISSN: 2176-0756