Índice de Maturidade da Cultura de Segurança da Alimentos [IMCSA]: Apresentação e Validação Preliminar

Patricia AmeLia Tomei, GIUSEPPE Maria Russo

Abstract


A literatura sobre Cultura de Segurança de Alimentos (CSA) tem evoluído na dimensão conceitual, mas ainda é incipiente no que diz respeito a criação de instrumentos de mensuração e avaliação quantitativa. Para preencher esta lacuna, este artigo apresenta um modelo que identifica o Índice de Maturidade da Cultura de Segurança de Alimentos (IMCSA), e faz uma uma validação preliminar deste instrumento.O IMCSA foi aplicado em duas fábricas do setor de alimentos e bebidas localizadas no norte e no sul do Brasil, e os resultados quantitativos foram comparados com a análise qualitativa de entrevistas e grupos focais dos empregados.Identificamos que as duas fábricas não apresentam o grau de maturidade do benchmarking internacional esperado em SA. O modelo do IMCSA é válido e consistente no mapeamento do estágio de maturidade da CSA de cada empresa e para o aprimoramento metodológico do modelo sugerimos:(i) a mudança do IMCSA para uma escala tipo Likert de sete pontos; (ii) a utilização do método de validação convergente para avaliar se o instrumento está positivamente relacionado com seus indicadores, (iii) a análise da validade discriminante para verificar se cada construto é único ao modelo; e, (iv) testes de confiabilidade composta e alfa de Cronbach´s para verificar se o conjunto de indicadores de cada construto é consistente ou coerente com o construto que pretende medir.

 


Keywords


cultura organizacional; cultura de segurança; cultura de segurança de alimentos; maturidade em segurança de alimentos.

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