Innovation Typologies: A Descriptive Study in Graduated Organizations of Technology-Based Incubators

Clarice Vepo do Nascimento Welter, Jorge Oneide Sausen, Gabriela Cappellari

Abstract


Objective: The main objective of this research was to classify the innovations developed in organizations from technology-based incubators, describing the evidence of their existence, based on the model of Wang and Hamed (2007).

Method: Applied research, with a qualitative approach, exploratory and descriptive, carried out through multiple case studies, considering a sample of 21 companies located in the State of Rio Grande do Sul. Data were collected through structured interviews with the entrepreneurs of these Small business. These data were analyzed by the technique of content analysis.

Originality / Relevance: Original in relation to the model of innovation typologies used, because it is a model that has no empirical validation in the studied companies segment, confirming the originality of the research in relation to the segment. Understanding the process of developing innovative capacity is relevant, since the development of innovations constitutes a powerful source of competitive advantage for organizations inserted in dynamic contexts.

Results: The main results allowed to identify that the organizations investigated present all the typologies presented in the model of Wang and Ahmed (2004), however, the market and strategic innovation appear to a lesser extent in relation to product, process and behavioral innovation.

Theoretical / methodological contributions: It contributes to the theoretical debate by bringing dynamic capabilities under the focus of innovative capability. It also contributes to the exposition of how the companies that have graduated from IBT s develop their innovative capacity, classifying the innovations developed and pointing out the evidences of the existence of innovation typologies.


Keywords


Innovative capacity; Organizational innovations; Competitive advantage

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